Amharic Alphabet

Welcome to AmharicAlphabet.com, an Ethiopian reference website about the Ge’ez / Amharic Alphabet.

Learn how to read, write and pronounce Amharic letters with the alphasyllabary below.

Syllables
ha
hu
hi
haa
hee
he
ho
la
lu
li
laa
lee
le
lo
hha
hhu
hhi
hhaa
hhee
hhe
hho
ma
mu
mi
maa
mee
me
mo
sza
szu
szi
szaa
szee
sze
szo
ra
ru
ri
raa
ree
re
ro
sa
su
si
saa
see
se
so
sha
shu
shi
shaa
shee
she
sho
qa
qu
qi
qaa
qee
qe
qo
qha
qhu
qhi
qhaa
qhee
qhe
qho
ba
bu
bi
baa
bee
be
bo
va
vu
vi
vaa
vee
ve
vo
ta
tu
ti
taa
tee
te
to
ca
cu
ci
caa
cee
ce
co
xa
xu
xi
xaa
xee
xe
xo
na
nu
ni
naa
nee
ne
no
nya
nyu
nyi
nyaa
nyee
nye
nyo
a
au
ai
aa
aee
ae
ao
ka
ku
ki
kaa
kee
ke
ko
kxa
kxu
kxi
kxaa
kxee
kxe
kxo
wa
wu
wi
waa
wee
we
wo
a
u
i
aa
ee
e
o
za
zu
zi
zaa
zee
ze
zo
zha
zhu
zhi
zhaa
zhee
zhe
zho
ya
yu
yi
yaa
yee
ye
yo
da
du
di
daa
dee
de
do
dda
ddu
ddi
ddaa
ddee
dde
ddo
ja
ju
ji
jaa
jee
je
jo
ga
gu
gi
gaa
gee
ge
go
gga
ggu
ggi
ggaa
ggee
gge
ggo
tha
thu
thi
thaa
thee
the
tho
cha
chu
chi
chaa
chee
che
cho
pha
phu
phi
phaa
phee
phe
pho
tsa
tsu
tsi
tsaa
tsee
tse
tso
tza
tzu
tzi
tzaa
tzee
tze
tzo
fa
fu
fi
faa
fee
fe
fo
pa
pu
pi
paa
pee
pe
po
Numerals
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
10000
Punctuation
,
.
,
;
:
?

The Amharic Alphabet

The Amharic alphabet is a Ge’ez alphabet system used for Amharic and other semitic languages of Ethiopia. Ge’ez is a language of ancient Ethiopia and the precursor of Amharic and Tigrigna languages in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It is also used as the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church where it originated from.

Amharic Alphabet

The Amharic alphabet (Fidel), the only actively used native African writing system, is the official Ethiopian alphabet. The alphabet consists of 31 consonant letters each of which has seven variations. These variations are created by appending a vowel to each consonant, to make up the syllabary of around 500 Amharic letters.

In addition to the 31 consonants and their variations, the Amharic Fidel has five vowels and its own numeral system. The alphabet includes nine punctuation marks: section mark, colon, word separator, semicolon, question mark, comma, paragraph separator and period.

The Ge’ez Alphabet

The Ge’ez alphabet also known as the Ethiopian alphabet is a forebear writing script or system of the Amharic, Tigrigna and other semetic language alphabets in Ethiopia. These Ethiopian alphabets are closely similar and only differ with the addition or omission of a few Ge’ez letters. The Amharic alphabet letters include extra letters such as ቸ (Ce), ሸ (She), ጨ (Che) which are not in Ge’ez alphabet. See the table above to learn Amharic alphabet with english intonation and pronunciations.